兩廂情愿的擁抱可以緩解壓力--中國數字科技館

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                    兩廂情愿的擁抱可以緩解壓力

                    兩廂情愿的擁抱可以緩解壓力(科學60S) 0:00/0:00
                    最新發布時間: 2018-12-28
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                     People who had a conflict in a given day but also got hugged were not as affected by the negative interaction as were their unhugged counterparts.  

                    同樣是經歷了爭吵的人,如果在當天收到一個擁抱,受到消極影響的程度就會比那些沒有收到擁抱的的人輕。

                     

                    撰文\播音:露西?黃(Lucy Huang

                    翻譯:陳美娟

                    審校:許楠

                     

                    When a friend comes to you after a stressful day, how do you comfort them? Do you let them rant? Do you pour them a glass of wine? Those could work. But a new study finds that a very effective technique is also simple and easy.

                    如果你朋友受了一天的打擊之后過來找你,你會怎么安慰他們?讓他們罵出來?還是給他們倒一杯紅酒呢?這都挺有用的。但一項新研究發現,只一個簡單的小技巧就足夠了。

                    “Hugging.”

                    就是擁抱。

                    Michael Murphy is a psychology post-doc at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. He wanted to know if people who received hugs regularly could handle stress and conflict better.

                    邁克爾?墨菲Michael Murphy是來自匹斯堡卡耐基梅隆大學Carnegie Mellon University的一名心理學博士后。他想知道,定期接受擁抱的人們是否能更好應對壓力和沖突。

                    “Individuals who report perceiving the availability of a network of supportive individuals tend to show better adaptation when faced with stress.”

                    能感知到來自社交網絡中可依靠者的支持的人,在面臨壓力的時候表現出更強的適應力。

                    But just because you have a support network does not mean that you definitely feel that support.

                    但是,有支持你的人際網并不意味著能完全感到被支持。

                    “So some researchers have argued that many of the behaviors we use to support others who are stressed might actually be counterproductive because these behaviors might unintentionally communicate to others that they're not competent to manage stress.”

                    因此,有些研究者指出,別人有壓力的時候,我們的很多支持行為反而起了反作用,因為這些行為可能在無意中告訴對方:他們沒法管理壓力。

                    Murphy and his team interviewed 404 men and women every evening for two weeks.

                    墨菲與他的團隊用了兩周的時間,在每天夜晚進行采訪,共采訪了404名男性和女性。

                    “During these interviews, the participants were asked a simple yes or no question—whether somebody had hugged them that day—and a simple yes or no question of whether they had experienced conflict or tension with somebody that day. They also were asked questions about their social interactions—how many social interactions they had that day—and responded to questions about negative and positive mood states.”

                    在采訪的過程中,我們向受訪人員提問了簡單的是與否問題——今天有沒有人給你擁抱、今天是否有爭吵或感受到壓力。他們還被問社交互動的問題,如今天進行了多少次社交活動,另外還有與積極或者消極的情緒有關的問題。

                    And the researchers found that individuals who experienced a conflict were not as negatively affected if they received a hug that day as were participants who experienced conflict and didn’t get a hug. Murphy and his team also saw that people who received a hug didn’t carry the negative effect to the next day, while those who did not receive a hug would. The findings are in the journal PLOS ONE. [Michael L. M. Murphy, Denise Janicki-Deverts and Sheldon Cohen, Receiving a hug is associated with the attenuation of negative mood that occurs on days with interpersonal conflict]

                    研究者發現,同樣是經歷了爭吵的人,如果在當天收到一個擁抱,受到消極影響的程度就會比那些沒有收到擁抱的的人輕。墨菲與他的團隊還觀察到,收到擁抱的人不會把消極情緒帶到第二天,而那些沒有被擁抱的則會影響到第二天的情緒。研究發現刊登在《公共科學圖書館·綜合》PLOS ONE期刊上。

                    Murphy does include this caveat: “So our findings should not be taken as evidence that people should just start hugging anyone and everyone who seems distressed. A hug from one boss at work or a stranger on the street—that could be viewed as neither consensual or positive.”

                    墨菲事先聲明道:這個發現不能成為人們應該擁抱每個看起來痛苦的人這個結論的證據。一個來自上司或者大街上陌生人的擁抱,既不兩廂情愿,也沒有減壓效果。

                    The idea is to relieve stress. Not add to it.

                    這個想法應當是用來緩解壓力的。而不是加重壓力的。


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